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Plastic surgery became a very popular and accessible method of correcting the body look nowadays
Plastic surgery has become a very popular medical treatment. In the past, plastic procedure was associated with artificial effects and celebrities looking unnatural, but now it’s been referred to as a body surgery bringing back or improving the natural look. What is plastic surgery? It is a cosmetic surgery which improves and corrects various body imperfections.
Such imperfections may result from:
Generally, plastic procedures are divided into reconstructive and cosmetic procedures depending on the reason why they’re done. Yet, both types of surgical procedures aim at improving the aesthetic look. The advancement and popularity of plastic surgical procedures have made them common, affordable and accessible for everyone. Below, we present the most important aspects of plastic surgery.
The first plastic surgeries are dated back even to 3000 BC, there is also evidence of performing reconstructive nose surgery in India by Sushruta around 800 BC
Those who are wondering who invented plastic surgery or when was plastic surgery invented may be very surprised as the first plastic surgeries date back to even 3000 BC – these were plastic surgeries improving the look of broken noses. Regarding reconstructive procedures, there is evidence of performing reconstructive nose surgery in India by Sushruta around 800 BC. The Indian knowledge and techniques were translated into the Arabic language in 750 AD, thanks to which it was popularised also in Europe. Generally, India was a country where plastic surgeries (especially nose surgeries) were successfully performed and surgeons from other countries learnt from Indian specialists. In the Renaissance, two surgeons Gaspare Tagliacozzi from Italy and Ambroise Pare from France developed the surgeries of wounds reconstruction. The term “plastic” was used for the first time by Karl Ferdinand – a surgeon from Germany – in the 19th century. He wrote a text called “Rhinoplastic” where the creative reconstructions of the nose were described as “plastic”. What also influenced and greatly developed plastic surgeries was founding the American Society of Plastic Surgeons in 1931 and American Board of Plastic Surgery in 1937. The facial procedures developed during the First and Second World War – it was a response to bad face injuries of soldiers participating in the wars. Generally, the greatest development of plastic surgeries took place in the 20th century. The examples of procedures implementing in this period are breast implants, reconstructive hand surgery, cell and organ transplantation, and skin grafting.
The word “plastic” has nothing in common with synthetic material, it comes from the Greek language which means “reshaping”
The term plastic surgery is known to everyone but many people have never wondered why is plastic surgery called plastic surgery. In fact, the word “plastic” here has nothing in common with the synthetic material. In the phrase plastic surgery, the word plastic comes from a Greek word meaning “reshaping”. The surgical meaning of plastic was used for the first time in 1839 and in fact, it had been known before plastic material was invented. So, as may be seen, plastic surgery is just a reshaping, modelling surgery and should not be associated with anything synthetic, artificial or unnatural.
Why do people get plastic surgery? Generally, there are many reasons influencing the decision about plastic and reconstructive surgery. Before we present the reasons why plastic surgery is good, we must make our readers aware of 3 main concerns that should never be the factors triggering the decision about plastic surgery.
There are many reasons that people want plastic surgery, but this decision must be always deliberate
So, why do people have plastic surgery? There may be hundreds of good reasons for having the surgery and in fact, they may vary depending on the surgery type, e.g. people wanting belly liposuction have different reasons than people wanting nose corrections. However, below we present the popular reasons why people have plastic surgery:
Reconstructive surgery aims to repair body parts with defects. This kind of surgery is mostly done for medical reasons
Looking at the reasons for plastic surgery from the other perspective, we can differentiate between reconstructive and cosmetic surgeries – both types of surgeries improve the body look, but they address different imperfections.
Below, we elaborate on these types of plastic surgeries.
Generally, reconstructive surgery is a less common procedure than purely cosmetic surgery. However, there are still almost one million reconstructive procedures done each year. So, what is reconstructive plastic surgery? The reconstructive plastic surgery aims at repairing the body parts with some defects, the word “reconstructive” reflects rebuilding something that has been destroyed or damaged. What is characteristic of these procedures is that they are done for medical reasons. The defects that can be treated by a plastic surgery may result from an infection, injuries or accidents, disease, tumors, birth defects, or developed abnormalities
There are some types of reconstructive plastic surgery procedures, the most frequent of which affect:
Apart from the examples above, reconstructive surgeries include also head reshaping, cleft lip repair, transgender surgeries, or migraine surgery. Modern medicine allows for addressing almost each body part to restore its look, which is particularly helpful for patients struggling with various kinds of cancers or experiencing dramatic accidents.
In opposite to reconstructive surgery, cosmetic surgery focuses purely on improving appearance and increasing the attractiveness of the person
Many people use terms plastic and cosmetic surgery alternately, which is wrong thinking. Plastic surgery is a general term for both reconstructive and cosmetic surgery. While reconstructive procedures restore the normal look lost due to some trauma and tackle body defects, cosmetic plastic surgery focuses purely on improving the appearance and increasing attractiveness. What can be achieved by a cosmetic surgery UK is e.g. improving the symmetry of specific body parts or the whole body (e.g. ears), restoring the body proportion, enhancing or reducing specific body parts (e.g. breasts or nose), or tightening the skin (e.g. in face or tummy). What is important for cosmetic surgeries, patients before the procedure have no medical problems with the body parts that they want to address, they function totally properly. Regarding the body parts that aesthetic surgery may treat, modern medicine allows for addressing each body part including really small areas such as the knee, chin, private parts, or ankles.
Sometimes, it may be hard to determine whether a surgery is reconstructive or cosmetic as this line gets blurred and the types overlap. The examples of procedures where there are both cosmetic and reconstructive reasons are:
There are different types of plastic surgery depending on the involved body parts.
The main division of the types of cosmetic surgery is as follows:
Plastic surgery among men is as popular as among women
Generally, plastic surgeries are associated with women and in fact, women constitute about 90% of patients and men are about 10% of all plastic surgeries patients. However, the popularity of men’s cosmetic surgery slightly increases year by year (in 2016, male patients made up maximum 8% according to the American Society of Plastic Surgeons). The most popular male cosmetic surgery types in 2019 are rhinoplasty, liposuction, eyelid surgery, male breast reduction, and hair transplant. Regarding the minimally invasive procedures, the most popular types of cosmetic surgery for men in 2019 were botox, laser hair removal, microdermabrasion, and soft tissue fillers.
As for the types of plastic surgeries, most procedures are dedicated to both men and women (e.g. liposuction, facelift, or body lift), but there are some cosmetic procedures dedicated solely to men. Such procedures include:
Regardless of the type of plastic surgery, it is always a medical procedure performed in a certified hospital or clinic, so obviously it must always be a plastic surgeon who does the operation. The training before getting the certificate of a cosmetic surgeon differs from country to country, but generally, students must complete medical school and a residency program. In total, such training for plastic surgeons may take over 10 years. There are two types of surgeons in this field – these are plastic surgeons and cosmetic surgeons. Plastic surgeons deal with reconstructive surgeries while cosmetic surgeons with aesthetic procedures. Of course, doctors may specialise in these 2 areas at once.
There are two types of surgeons in this field – these are plastic surgeons and cosmetic surgeons
It is also worth mentioning that the medical training offers very narrowed specialisations e.g. breast surgery, hand surgery, or craniofacial surgery where doctors get training and experience mainly in this particular speciality.
Choosing a plastic surgeon is very important – we advise everyone looking for plastic surgery to check the education, training, experience, and specialization of surgeons that we take into consideration. Also, if people have a complex problem, e.g. they need breast reconstruction after a sophisticated mastectomy surgery, it is better to choose a plastic surgeon specializing in breast surgeries than the one specialising in hand procedures. Of course, we are not diminishing the qualifications of any surgeon here, but the different specialities are chosen just to provide the highest quality care for patients requiring procedures for specific body parts.
As with every kind of surgery, in the case of plastic surgery complications are possible as well, but if the doctor is qualified the risk is really low
The risks of plastic surgery are really low – one of the researches performed in 2018 showed that in 25 000 surgeries, the complications occurred in less than 1% of procedures. It is a really minimal risk compared to other medical surgeries performed under local or general anaesthesia. Yet, as for any surgery, there are some tips to prevent cosmetic surgery gone wrong. Of course, the more experienced and trained plastic surgeon, the less is the risk. Also, patients themselves may decrease the risk – usually, people who are obese, are regular smokers, or have neglected their health condition are at the higher risk of plastic surgery complications than other patients.
But more to the point, what are the risks of plastic surgery?
The complications that may occur are:
The conditions described above are the most common risks posed by plastic surgery in general. Yet, patients need to realize that specific procedures may involve slightly different types of possible complications – e.g. risk of breast enlargement may differ from risks of otoplasty. Thus, it is important that people considering a cosmetic procedure realize what risks are involved in the surgery they are planning to get, and secondly, they should know that following some general tips they can reduce the risk of post-op complications.
We must stress it at the beginning, it is impossible to say how much is plastic surgery UK. It is a too general term and in fact, there is no place in the world offering a price for “plastic surgery”. Generally, the cosmetic surgery cost depends on the surgery type, so we can find a price for liposuction, breast lift, eyelid correction, gynecomastia, etc, not for a plastic surgery in general. However before we give a rough idea of how much does plastic surgery cost UK, we need to explain what constitutes such a cost.
The price of plastic surgery depends on the type of the surgery, and it will vary for different body parts
The cosmetic surgery costs usually cover such expenses as:
Some clinics also include medical tests and examinations in their price, but it is not a rule, so it’s better to ask. In fact, patients should always ask the clinic what are the price components because it may turn out that the cheapest surgery price turns out to be much more expensive finally. What is more, price should not be the decisive factor regarding the surgery. It is much more important to find a reliable certified surgeon and high-standard clinic. Ideally, the affordable price accompanies a well-qualified surgeon and clinic, but it may be hard to find such a combination. So sometimes it is better to pay slightly more and commend our body and our life to a trusted surgeon instead of saving money at any cost.
Below, we present the average UK and USA costs for the most popular plastic surgeries.
Plastic Surgery Type
Average price in the UK
Average price in the USA
The prices above are just the average ones, you may find many clinics offering higher or lower costs. It should just give you a rough idea of what to expect regarding the cost and what you should be careful about is finding excessively lower cost (which may equal to the low health care standard) or excessively higher cost (which may be a simple overpayment). There are also other solutions for people who cannot afford spending so much money at once, namely many clinics offer financing programs where patients make monthly payments, or patients may try to get the surgery on the NHS (when there are medical reasons for that), or they can travel to another country to get much more affordable surgery and significantly reduce the expenses.
NHS covers the procedures that are necessary from the medical point of view this means that reconstructive surgeries can be covered, but cosmetic surgery on the NHS is hardly possible
NHS covers the procedures that are essential from the medical point of view which save the patients’ lives and restore their health. So, reconstructive plastic surgeries are usually covered by the NHS. However, cosmetic surgery on the NHS is hardly possible.
The cosmetic surgery NHS criteria are very strict and patients must prove the health reasons or psychological reasons for such a cosmetic surgery NHS.
Below, we present the examples of when patients may get cosmetic surgery on NHS:
So, if people think that they might get qualified for cosmetic surgery by the NHS, it is always a good idea to visit a doctor and ask for more information and criteria for the qualification. If the NHS does not agree to fund the cosmetic surgery, patients need to look for it in a private hospital and when they cannot afford it, ask for cosmetic surgery loans or consider traveling abroad.
If a person wants to do plastic surgery but can’t be qualified through the NHS and can’t afford it in a private clinic travelling abroad is a good option
Getting a private plastic surgery UK may be really expensive and many people just cannot afford it. Then, cosmetic surgery abroad may be a great alternative. Medical tourism is getting more and more popular especially among people looking for top-quality cosmetic surgery clinics. Nowadays, organising the treatment abroad is as easy as doing it in a home country – what’s interesting, many clinics and agencies offer all inclusive cosmetic surgery packages abroad so that international patients feel safe and looked after. The fact that some countries offer much more affordable prices than the best cosmetic surgery UK clinics is usually not associated with a lower quality. On the contrary, the standard of health care in a cosmetic surgery clinic abroad is really high and the lower price results just from the costs of living, country currency, and salaries. So, what countries are worth considering? It depends on the location, Americans usually travel to Mexico or Brazil, Europeans choose Poland, Turkey, and Czech Republic, and Asians prefer Thailand, India, and Turkey. Each of these countries offer a high-standard medical care and is open for medical tourists. When people find an acclaimed surgeon and a high standard clinic abroad and verify them, they may get effective plastic surgery at the amazingly low cost.
Plastic surgery in Poland is a very popular destination among Europeans. These are usually British, Irish, Swedish, Norwegian, and German patients who find cosmetic surgery Poland really affordable. Plastic surgery Poland is said to be really high-quality, also Polish surgeons are world-class specialists. Private clinics offering their services for international patients pride themselves on the newest technologies, modern equipment, individual approach, and very competitive prices compared to other European countries. Why to choose plastic surgery – Poland?
Below, we present the common reasons for getting cosmetic surgery in Poland:
Generally, plastic surgery Poland reviews are really positive and the great asset of this country is professional health care and the excellent standard of plastic surgeries – very often it is the main reason why people want to come for the surgery there and the low price is just the additional enjoyable aspect.
Cosmetic surgery in Turkey is the popular destination for medical tourists coming from Europe and also Asia and America. Turkey is a very popular holiday resort gathering millions of tourists every year, and it is a common practice that having plastic surgery in Turkey is planned for the holiday time. The number of medical tourists, including people coming for plastic surgery Turkey, is on the rise – e.g. in 2019 the number increased by 8% compared to 2018.
Turkey is popular among foreign patients because of its relatively low prices
Turkey offers very organized medical travel services – the private Turkey cosmetic surgery clinics and agencies offer help in choosing the best location, clinic, and surgeon, organizing all the transfers and flights, booking the surgery, and the hotel. In fact, clinics offering the best cosmetic surgery in Turkey sell the whole all-inclusive packages for medical care and stay in Turkey, thanks to which patients feel as if they book holidays in a regular travel agency. It is very comfortable for foreign patients who may avoid excessive stress connected with medical travel. Regarding the communication, not every surgeon in Turkey speaks English, but if a clinic decides to treat foreign patients, it guarantees the personal English-speaking assistant or hires a translator, so language is actually not a problem there. Finally, it is the cosmetic surgery Turkey prices which is the main advantage of this country. The costs of plastic surgeries there are one of the lowest in the world, e.g. a nose plastic surgery in Turkey Istanbul is even 3-4 times cheaper than in London. People wondering which Turkish clinic is the best, should find the plastic surgery in Turkey reviews which are shared on the Internet – such reviews will give potential patients an idea of what to pay attention to and what to expect from the clinics and surgeons.
When you realize that cosmetic surgery abroad prices can be really cheap, you may decide to have a plastic surgery in a top-rated clinic abroad instead of looking for a cheap cosmetic surgery UK. It is just important to verify whether affordable cosmetic surgery goes hand in hand with high quality. To give patients an idea of how cheap should be cheap cosmetic surgery, we present the price comparison for the most popular plastic surgeries.
Plastic surgery type
Average price in the UK
Average price in the USA
Average price in Poland
Average price in Turkey
Reading cosmetic surgery abroad reviews is a great idea for those who have doubts or concerns regarding the surgery in a foreign country. There are many groups and websites directed to international patients where former patients share their opinions about their clinics, doctors, hotels and give very useful and practical tips regarding the medical treatment abroad. Such reviews help not only verify the considered clinic or surgeon but also provide an essential support and a sense of security for potential patients.
Before and after plastic surgery photos are important in terms of expectations towards the results. When we see real plastic surgery before and after pictures, we build a real image of what to expect after the surgery. The cosmetic surgery before and after photos are also a great showcase of a clinic and surgeon – we are more eager to choose and trust a surgeon whose photos show great results.
Plastic surgery is a very characteristic medical treatment. It’s role is mainly to improve or restore a patient’s look. In the modern world, where physique and appearance are extremely important, more and more people decide to have plastic surgery. Changing the look influences the mental, emotional health and improves social life as well. International patients have several options to consider – they may find a clinic in a home country, apply for NHS surgery or financing plan and finally get the affordable plastic surgery abroad. It is just important that a patient finds a reliable clinic and trusts the surgeon who is going to perform a surgery.
Center, Crown Valley Cosmetic Surgery. “Men vs. Women: Plastic Surgery Statistics.” Crown Valley Cosmetic Surgery, 13 Dec. 2017, crownvalleycosmeticsurgery.com/men-vs-women-plastic-surgery-statistics/#:~:text=The%20American%20Society%20of%20Plastic,remaining%208%25%20going%20to%20men.
“Cosmetic Surgery vs Plastic Surgery: Cosmetic vs Plastic Surgeons.” ABCS, 18 Mar. 2021, www.americanboardcosmeticsurgery.org/patient-resources/cosmetic-surgery-vs-plastic-surgery/.
“Cosmetic vs Reconstructive Surgery ” UF Health Plastic Surgery and Aesthetics Center ” UF Academic Health Center ” University of Florida.” UF Health Plastic Surgery and Aesthetics Center, plastics.ufhealth.org/plastic-surgery-resources/knowledge-center/cosmetic-vs-reconstructive-surgery/.
Dallas. “An Update on the Safety and Efficacy of Outpatient Plastic… : Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery.” LWW, journals.lww.com/plasreconsurg/Abstract/2018/04000/An_Update_on_the_Safety_and_Efficacy_of_Outpatient.14.aspx.
Jennifer Whitlock, RN. “Understanding the Risks of Plastic Surgery.” Verywell Health, 7 Jan. 2020, www.verywellhealth.com/what-are-the-risks-of-plastic-surgery-3156954.
NHS Choices, NHS, www.nhs.uk/conditions/cosmetic-procedures/cosmetic-procedures-on-the-nhs/.
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“Plastic Surgery Statistics.” American Society of Plastic Surgeons, www.plasticsurgery.org/news/plastic-surgery-statistics.
Klaudia started to work for Clinic Hunter many years ago, just after graduating from the John Paul II Catholic University of Lublin in Poland and since that time, this job has become her biggest passion and inspiration.
She has gained necessary expertise and experience by serving patients from all over the world (mainly the UK, Scandinavian countries, and the USA), taking an active part in numerous live and video trainings with clinics in Poland, Hungary and Turkey, participating in international medical tourism conferences and events, and completing internal Clinic Hunter courses. Now, Klaudia is an accomplished patient advisor specialising in such fields as dentistry, plastic and bariatric surgery and hair loss treatment. Her main idea is helping people nad making their lives better, that is why this job brings her so much satisfaction and joy.
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